Role of NGOs in Disaster Management
NGOs are the crucial part of the system. They play different roles in many sectors of the economy all over the world. The name itself defines that they are Non-governmental and not profitable organizations. Their work structure is voluntary and humanitarian in nature. The main focus of any NGO is to help needy and required people in the society. the functioning of many groups depends on the political environment of their country. And there are many states in the world that limit the work of an NGO. Most of the NGOs, work near the people they are willing to work for. This is why these NGOs are ready to adopt the new changes in the society.
NGOs works for the people they have their own objective and target. And they always have experts on board to execute their work. This is because they want to give professional and specialized help for the needy. It is very important to understand that the area of work and the Nature of NGO vary all around the world. They have different motive to work. And they work on different phases of the society. Some of them are the limited for the national level and work through their own country. While some other is the Global NGOs.
Global NGOs on the most cases acts donors. And it also provides the advocacy to the organizations around the world. And this thing works, especially when there is a disaster or in disaster management. The role of an NGO during the Disaster is focused on disaster preparedness. This preparedness can be in many ways. Disaster preparedness means the ability Group of people to respond to the disaster. This term can also be used for the country or Organisation to respond quickly if necessary. This also makes the work functioning effectively. By doing this, they get all level capacity to control the disaster or to take the possible actions. .This thing may also include the early warnings of the disaster. The risk assessment and stock keeping of emergency supplies are also the steps that can help.
For effective working during the Disaster Management, NGO does the following things. Most of NGOs collaborate with either the government agencies or other bodies. These bodies can be at different level. This is to develop capacity and skills to handle. And this also decreases the effects of disasters. There are some cases,
Where the government officers actively take part in all the activities. The activities that are organized and held by NGOs for disaster preparedness. This is a very important step. Because disaster can destroy anybody and cause more damage than one can imagine. The damage can either be to the public sector or the private sector. This is why NGOs also keep aware public about disasters. And also what are the things that we need to do to prevent their occurrence. And if there is any such mishappening, then what are the steps you need to take.
There is another way, in which NGOs take part in disaster Management. This way is through advocacy. They are always known to have a strong advocacy partner through all the level of support. They do this by engaging the government. This by making them review various policies. These policies are to make disaster preparedness more effective. And could help people in time. Sometimes NGOs also develop an advocacy report for an organisation or a country. These reports have a roadmap for the investment of the preparedness. By using such plans, they get the partners for the work. These partners can also be government agencies or other bodies. They get funds from these partners for the intervention of the disaster preparedness. This is the very important type of advocacy in a country. Because these help them for the formation of the new rules. These rules are always in the favour of the society. This advocacy also develops strategy and proper drafting of a disaster management program. All these works make NGO a crucial part of the Disaster preparedness.
Other than the preparedness part of Disaster there are other parts in which NGOs take part. They also take part and play a crucial role in the assessment process. At this process, they assess the vulnerability and also the risk exposure levels. This all is the track in their areas of operation. In addition to this, they also have assessment programs. In this programs, they teach and guide people, for how to respond to a disaster. This is in terms of resources available during the disaster. And capacities that they have. All this process needs a lot of funding. So they involve the stakeholders and the government in the funding process. Also, they take other necessary support from their end. By doing all these steps. And actively participating the disaster management. NGOs play an important role in the disaster management.
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